Medical School

  • Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki , 1988 , Thessaloniki , Greece


  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center , 1990 , Boston , MA


  • Hospital for Infectious Diseases , 1989 , Thessaloniki , Greece


  • Beth Israel Medical Center , 1992 , New York , NY


Joint Program in Neonatology
  • Harvard Medical School , 1996 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

In the Boston Children’s Hospital (BCH) Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) our philosophy is to ensure that every patient receives the best care for the best possible outcomes. We consider our “patient” to be the baby and the family; we are constantly striving to serve the needs of both. This requires a team based approach with all members being essential.


  • American Board of Pediatrics, Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine


Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Spyropoulos F, Vitali SH, Touma M, Rose CD, Petty CR, Levy P, Kourembanas S, Christou H. Echocardiographic markers of pulmonary hemodynamics and right ventricular hypertrophy in rat models of pulmonary hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2020 Apr-Jun; 10(2):2045894020910976. View abstract
  2. Joung KE, Clausen D, Herdt A, Presti A, Snyder R, Peters C, Christou H, Mantzoros CS. Association of circulating FGF-21 levels in the first week of life and postnatal growth in hospitalized preterm infants. Metabol Open. 2020 Mar; 5:100030. View abstract
  3. Basak A, Munschauer M, Lareau CA, Montbleau KE, Ulirsch JC, Hartigan CR, Schenone M, Lian J, Wang Y, Huang Y, Wu X, Gehrke L, Rice CM, An X, Christou HA, Mohandas N, Carr SA, Chen JJ, Orkin SH, Lander ES, Sankaran VG. Control of human hemoglobin switching by LIN28B-mediated regulation of BCL11A translation. Nat Genet. 2020 02; 52(2):138-145. View abstract
  4. DiPrisco B, Kumar A, Kalra B, Savjani GV, Michael Z, Farr O, Papathanasiou AE, Christou H, Mantzoros CS. GLYCOSYLATED FIBRONECTIN AND INHIBIN ARE LOWER AND ANTI-MÜLLERIAN HORMONE IS HIGHER IN UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD WHEN MOTHERS HAVE PREECLAMPSIA. Endocr Pract. 2020 Mar; 26(3):318-327. View abstract
  5. Hudalla H, Michael Z, Christodoulou N, Willis GR, Fernandez-Gonzalez A, Filatava EJ, Dieffenbach P, Fredenburgh LE, Stearman RS, Geraci MW, Kourembanas S, Christou H. Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibition Ameliorates Inflammation and Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2019 10; 61(4):512-524. View abstract
  6. DiPrisco B, Kumar A, Kalra B, Savjani GV, Michael Z, Farr O, Papathanasiou AE, Christou H, Mantzoros C. Placental proteases PAPP-A and PAPP-A2, the binding proteins they cleave (IGFBP-4 and -5), and IGF-I and IGF-II: Levels in umbilical cord blood and associations with birth weight and length. Metabolism. 2019 11; 100:153959. View abstract
  7. Lithoxopoulou M, Rallis D, Christou H, Goutsiou E, Varaklioti A, Karagianni P, Tsakalidis C, Domeyer P, Kuriakeli G, Soubasi V. Early caloric deprivation in preterm infants affects Bayley-III scales performance at 18-24 months of corrected age. Res Dev Disabil. 2019 Aug; 91:103429. View abstract
  8. Michael Z, Spyropoulos F, Ghanta S, Christou H. Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: An Update of Current Pharmacologic Therapies and New Approaches. Clin Med Insights Pediatr. 2018; 12:1179556518817322. View abstract
  9. Liang X, Gupta K, Quintero JR, Cernadas M, Kobzik L, Christou H, Pier GB, Owen CA, Çataltepe S. Macrophage FABP4 is required for neutrophil recruitment and bacterial clearance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia. FASEB J. 2019 03; 33(3):3562-3574. View abstract
  10. Scheid A, Borriello F, Pietrasanta C, Christou H, Diray-Arce J, Pettengill MA, Joshi S, Li N, Bergelson I, Kollmann T, Dowling DJ, Levy O. Adjuvant Effect of Bacille Calmette-Guérin on Hepatitis B Vaccine Immunogenicity in the Preterm and Term Newborn. Front Immunol. 2018; 9:29. View abstract
  11. Angelidou A, Michael Z, Hotz A, Friedman K, Emani S, LaRovere K, Christou H. Is There More to Zika? Complex Cardiac Disease in a Case of Congenital Zika Syndrome. Neonatology. 2018; 113(2):177-182. View abstract
  12. Christou H, Hudalla H, Michael Z, Filatava EJ, Li J, Zhu M, Possomato-Vieira JS, Dias-Junior C, Kourembanas S, Khalil RA. Impaired Pulmonary Arterial Vasoconstriction and Nitric Oxide-Mediated Relaxation Underlie Severe Pulmonary Hypertension in the Sugen-Hypoxia Rat Model. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2018 02; 364(2):258-274. View abstract
  13. Joung KE, Cataltepe SU, Michael Z, Christou H, Mantzoros CS. Cord Blood Adipocyte Fatty Acid-Binding Protein Levels Correlate With Gestational Age and Birth Weight in Neonates. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 05 01; 102(5):1606-1613. View abstract
  14. Christou H, Dookeran N, Haas A, Di Frances C, Emans SJ, Milstein ME, Kram KE, Seely EW. Establishing Effective Mentoring Networks: Rationale and Strategies. MedEdPORTAL. 2017 Apr 18; 13:10571. View abstract
  15. Joung KE, Burris HH, Van Marter LJ, McElrath TF, Michael Z, Tabatabai P, Litonjua AA, Weiss ST, Christou H. Vitamin D and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. J Perinatol. 2016 10; 36(10):878-82. View abstract
  16. Christou H, Dizon ML, Farrow KN, Jadcherla SR, Leeman KT, Maheshwari A, Rubin LP, Stansfield BK, Rowitch DH. Sustaining careers of physician-scientists in neonatology and pediatric critical care medicine: formulating supportive departmental policies. Pediatr Res. 2016 11; 80(5):635-640. View abstract
  17. Joung KE, Park KH, Filippaios A, Dincer F, Christou H, Mantzoros CS. Cord blood irisin levels are positively correlated with birth weight in newborn infants. Metabolism. 2015 Nov; 64(11):1507-14. View abstract
  18. Lin T, Maita D, Thundivalappil SR, Riley FE, Hambsch J, Van Marter LJ, Christou HA, Berra L, Fagan S, Christiani DC, Warren HS. Hemopexin in severe inflammation and infection: mouse models and human diseases. Crit Care. 2015 Apr 15; 19:166. View abstract
  19. Tsoyi K, Geldart AM, Christou H, Liu X, Chung SW, Perrella MA. Elk-3 is a KLF4-regulated gene that modulates the phagocytosis of bacteria by macrophages. J Leukoc Biol. 2015 Jan; 97(1):171-80. View abstract
  20. Joung KE, Christou H, Park KH, Mantzoros CS. Cord blood levels of osteopontin as a phenotype marker of gestational age and neonatal morbidities. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 May; 22(5):1317-24. View abstract
  21. Burris HH, Van Marter LJ, McElrath TF, Tabatabai P, Litonjua AA, Weiss ST, Christou H. Vitamin D status among preterm and full-term infants at birth. Pediatr Res. 2014 Jan; 75(1-1):75-80. View abstract
  22. Xiao Y, Christou H, Liu L, Visner G, Mitsialis SA, Kourembanas S, Liu H. Endothelial indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase protects against development of pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Aug 15; 188(4):482-91. View abstract
  23. Ghanta S, Leeman KT, Christou H. An update on pharmacologic approaches to bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Semin Perinatol. 2013 Apr; 37(2):115-23. View abstract
  24. Christou H, Reslan OM, Mam V, Tanbe AF, Vitali SH, Touma M, Arons E, Mitsialis SA, Kourembanas S, Khalil RA. Improved pulmonary vascular reactivity and decreased hypertrophic remodeling during nonhypercapnic acidosis in experimental pulmonary hypertension. . 2012 May 01; 302(9):L875-90. View abstract
  25. Tropea K, Christou H. Current pharmacologic approaches for prevention and treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Int J Pediatr. 2012; 2012:598606. View abstract
  26. Brenninkmeijer L, Kuehl C, Geldart AM, Arons E, Christou H. Heme oxygenase-1 does not mediate the effects of extracellular acidosis on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration, and susceptibility to apoptosis. J Vasc Res. 2011; 48(4):285-96. View abstract
  27. Christou HA, Khalil RA. Sex hormones and vascular protection in pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2010 Nov; 56(5):471-4. View abstract
  28. Mam V, Tanbe AF, Vitali SH, Arons E, Christou HA, Khalil RA. Impaired vasoconstriction and nitric oxide-mediated relaxation in pulmonary arteries of hypoxia- and monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010 Feb; 332(2):455-62. View abstract
  29. Vitali SH, Mitsialis SA, Liang OD, Liu X, Fernandez-Gonzalez A, Christou H, Wu X, McGowan FX, Kourembanas S. Divergent cardiopulmonary actions of heme oxygenase enzymatic products in chronic hypoxia. PLoS One. 2009 Jun 19; 4(6):e5978. View abstract
  30. Aslam M, Christou HA. Intrauterine closure of the ductus arteriosus: implications for the neonatologist. Am J Perinatol. 2009 Aug; 26(7):473-8. View abstract
  31. Guan J, Wu X, Arons E, Christou H. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway is involved in the regulation of heme oxygenase-1 by acidic extracellular pH in aortic smooth muscle cells. J Cell Biochem. 2008 Dec 01; 105(5):1298-306. View abstract
  32. Waisbren SE, Bowles H, Hasan T, Zou KH, Emans SJ, Goldberg C, Gould S, Levine D, Lieberman E, Loeken M, Longtine J, Nadelson C, Patenaude AF, Quinn D, Randolph AG, Solet JM, Ullrich N, Walensky R, Weitzman P, Christou H. Gender differences in research grant applications and funding outcomes for medical school faculty. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2008 Mar; 17(2):207-14. View abstract
  33. Baveja R, Christou H. Pharmacological strategies in the prevention and management of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Semin Perinatol. 2006 Aug; 30(4):209-18. View abstract
  34. Anttila V, Christou H, Hagino I, Iwata Y, Mettler BA, Fernandez-Gonzalez A, Zurakowski D, Jonas RA. Cerebral endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression is reduced after very-low-flow bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Jun; 81(6):2202-6. View abstract
  35. Vitali SH, Mitsialis SA, Christou H, Fernandez-Gonzalez A, Liu X, Kourembanas S. Mechanisms of heme oxygenase-1-mediated cardiac and pulmonary vascular protection in chronic hypoxia: roles of carbon monoxide and bilirubin. Chest. 2005 Dec; 128(6 Suppl):578S-579S. View abstract
  36. Christou H, Brodsky D. Lung injury and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in newborn infants. J Intensive Care Med. 2005 Mar-Apr; 20(2):76-87. View abstract
  37. Christou H, Bailey N, Kluger MS, Mitsialis SA, Kourembanas S. Extracellular acidosis induces heme oxygenase-1 expression in vascular smooth muscle cells. . 2005 Jun; 288(6):H2647-52. View abstract
  38. Brodsky D, Christou H. Current concepts in intrauterine growth restriction. J Intensive Care Med. 2004 Nov-Dec; 19(6):307-19. View abstract
  39. Hossain T, Kappelman MD, Perez-Atayde AR, Young GJ, Huttner KM, Christou H. Primary ciliary dyskinesia as a cause of neonatal respiratory distress: implications for the neonatologist. J Perinatol. 2003 Dec; 23(8):684-7. View abstract
  40. Christou H, Serdy S, Mantzoros CS. Leptin in relation to growth and developmental processes in the fetus. Semin Reprod Med. 2002 May; 20(2):123-30. View abstract
  41. Minamino T, Christou H, Hsieh CM, Liu Y, Dhawan V, Abraham NG, Perrella MA, Mitsialis SA, Kourembanas S. Targeted expression of heme oxygenase-1 prevents the pulmonary inflammatory and vascular responses to hypoxia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jul 17; 98(15):8798-803. View abstract
  42. Christou H, Connors JM, Ziotopoulou M, Hatzidakis V, Papathanassoglou E, Ringer SA, Mantzoros CS. Cord blood leptin and insulin-like growth factor levels are independent predictors of fetal growth. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Feb; 86(2):935-8. View abstract
  43. Christou H, Van Marter LJ, Wessel DL, Allred EN, Kane JW, Thompson JE, Stark AR, Kourembanas S. Inhaled nitric oxide reduces the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Crit Care Med. 2000 Nov; 28(11):3722-7. View abstract
  44. Christou H, Morita T, Hsieh CM, Koike H, Arkonac B, Perrella MA, Kourembanas S. Prevention of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension by enhancement of endogenous heme oxygenase-1 in the rat. Circ Res. 2000 Jun 23; 86(12):1224-9. View abstract
  45. Yet SF, Perrella MA, Layne MD, Hsieh CM, Maemura K, Kobzik L, Wiesel P, Christou H, Kourembanas S, Lee ME. Hypoxia induces severe right ventricular dilatation and infarction in heme oxygenase-1 null mice. J Clin Invest. 1999 Apr; 103(8):R23-9. View abstract
  46. Christou H, Magnani B, Morse DS, Allred EN, Van Marter LJ, Wessel DL, Kourembanas S. Inhaled nitric oxide does not affect adenosine 5'-diphosphate-dependent platelet activation in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec; 102(6):1390-3. View abstract
  47. Kourembanas S, Morita T, Christou H, Liu Y, Koike H, Brodsky D, Arthur V, Mitsial SA. Hypoxic responses of vascular cells. Chest. 1998 Jul; 114(1 Suppl):25S-28S. View abstract
  48. Liu Y, Christou H, Morita T, Laughner E, Semenza GL, Kourembanas S. Carbon monoxide and nitric oxide suppress the hypoxic induction of vascular endothelial growth factor gene via the 5' enhancer. J Biol Chem. 1998 Jun 12; 273(24):15257-62. View abstract
  49. Christou H, Yoshida A, Arthur V, Morita T, Kourembanas S. Increased vascular endothelial growth factor production in the lungs of rats with hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1998 Jun; 18(6):768-76. View abstract
  50. Christou H, Adatia I, Van Marter LJ, Kane JW, Thompson JE, Stark AR, Wessel DL, Kourembanas S. Effect of inhaled nitric oxide on endothelin-1 and cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate plasma concentrations in newborn infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension. J Pediatr. 1997 Apr; 130(4):603-11. View abstract
  51. Kourembanas S, Morita T, Liu Y, Christou H. Mechanisms by which oxygen regulates gene expression and cell-cell interaction in the vasculature. Kidney Int. 1997 Feb; 51(2):438-43. View abstract