MEDICAL SERVICES

EDUCATION

Medical School

  • University of Cape Town Observatory , 1984 , Cape Town , South Africa

Internship

  • Groote Schuur Hospital, UCT Observatory , 1985 , Cape Town , South Africa

Internship

Cardiology & ICU
  • Groote Schuur Hospital , 1986 , Cape Town , South Africa

Residency

  • Groote Schuur Hospital, UCT Observatory , 1990 , Cape Town , South Africa

Fellowship

  • Boston City Hospital , 1994 , Boston , MA

Fellowship

  • Boston Children's Hospital , 1996 , Boston , MA

Philosophy of Care

Inspired to become a doctor by “One Life”, an autobiography by Chris Barnard, who performed the world’s 1st human to human heart transplant, I trained at Groote Schuur Hospital, South Africa, where Barnard had worked. In Radiology we are members of a health care team: providing diagnoses, guiding further testing, helping determine optimal management and monitoring therapeutic response.

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

Dr. Caroline Robson trained as a medical student and subsequently as a radiologist at the University of Cape Town, and Groote Schuur Hospital, South Africa before becoming a Pediatric Radiologist. Dr Robson moved to Boston in 1993. After a fellowship in Pediatric Neuroradiology she joined staff at Boston Children's Hospital in 1996. Dr Robson served as the Director of MRI before becoming Vice Chair in the Department of Radiology in 2007. She currently serves as Division Chief of Neuroradiology and Director of Head and Neck Imaging in the Department of Radiology. Dr Robson is past president of the American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology (2011-2012) and the American Society of Head and Neck Radiology (2019-2020).

CERTIFICATIONS

  • American Board of Radiology, Diagnostic Radiology
  • American Board of Radiology, Neuroradiology

PUBLICATIONS

Publications powered by Harvard Catalyst Profiles

  1. Recommendations for Neuroradiology Training during Radiology Residency by the American Society of Neuroradiology Section Chiefs Leadership Group. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2021 Feb 04. View abstract
  2. Facial Paralysis From Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder. Otol Neurotol. 2021 Jan 13. View abstract
  3. Reversal of Visual Loss From Skull Base Osteomyelitis in a Pediatric Patient. J Neuroophthalmol. 2021 Jan 04; Publish Ahead of Print. View abstract
  4. Desmoid tumors of the head and neck in the pediatric population: Has anything changed? Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2021 Jan; 140:110511. View abstract
  5. Characteristic Cochlear Hypoplasia in Patients with Walker-Warburg Syndrome: A Radiologic Study of the Inner Ear in a-Dystroglycan-Related Muscular Disorders. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2021 01; 42(1):167-172. View abstract
  6. Success of Non-sedated Neuroradiological MRI in Children 1 to 7 Years Old. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2020 08 12. View abstract
  7. Safety and efficacy of gamma-secretase inhibitor nirogacestat (PF-03084014) in desmoid tumor: Report of four pediatric/young adult cases. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2020 10; 67(10):e28636. View abstract
  8. Role of Surgery in Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Head and Neck in Children. Laryngoscope. 2021 03; 131(3):E984-E992. View abstract
  9. Diagnostic equivalency of fast T2 and FLAIR sequences for pediatric brain MRI: a pilot study. Pediatr Radiol. 2020 04; 50(4):550-559. View abstract
  10. Anomalous superior oblique muscles and tendons in congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles. J AAPOS. 2019 12; 23(6):325.e1-325.e6. View abstract
  11. Altered White Matter Organization in the TUBB3 E410K Syndrome. Cereb Cortex. 2019 07 22; 29(8):3561-3576. View abstract
  12. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the head and neck in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 May; 120:93-99. View abstract
  13. Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 Feb; 117:131-137. View abstract
  14. Pleomorphic adenoma of the head and neck in children: presentation and management. Laryngoscope. 2019 Nov; 129(11):2603-2609. View abstract
  15. Vallecular cyst in the pediatric population: Evaluation and management. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Oct; 113:198-203. View abstract
  16. Recessive MYF5 Mutations Cause External Ophthalmoplegia, Rib, and Vertebral Anomalies. Am J Hum Genet. 2018 07 05; 103(1):115-124. View abstract
  17. Imaging Optimization in Children. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 03; 15(3 Pt A):440-443. View abstract
  18. Cerebral Vein Malformations Result from Loss of Twist1 Expression and BMP Signaling from Skull Progenitor Cells and Dura. Dev Cell. 2017 09 11; 42(5):445-461.e5. View abstract
  19. A defect in myoblast fusion underlies Carey-Fineman-Ziter syndrome. Nat Commun. 2017 07 06; 8:16077. View abstract
  20. Biallelic mutations in human DCC cause developmental split-brain syndrome. Nat Genet. 2017 Apr; 49(4):606-612. View abstract
  21. Neuroimaging of Children With Surgically Treated Hydrocephalus: A Practical Approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Feb; 208(2):413-419. View abstract
  22. Pediatric Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis of the Jaw: Clinical, Radiographic, and Histopathologic Features. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2016 Dec; 74(12):2393-2402. View abstract
  23. Loss of MAFB Function in Humans and Mice Causes Duane Syndrome, Aberrant Extraocular Muscle Innervation, and Inner-Ear Defects. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 06 02; 98(6):1220-1227. View abstract
  24. Sinus Computed Tomography Imaging in Pediatric Cystic Fibrosis: Added Value? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 07; 155(1):160-5. View abstract
  25. Update on current evaluation and management of pediatric nasal dermoid. Laryngoscope. 2016 09; 126(9):2151-60. View abstract
  26. Congenital nasal neuroglial heterotopia and encephaloceles: An update on current evaluation and management. Laryngoscope. 2016 09; 126(9):2161-7. View abstract
  27. Imaging Features of Juvenile Xanthogranuloma of the Pediatric Head and Neck. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2016 May; 37(5):910-6. View abstract
  28. Unilateral Congenital Lacrimal Gland Agenesis With Contralateral Lacrimal Gland Hypoplasia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2015 Oct 15; 52 Online:e52-4. View abstract
  29. Imaging of Pediatric Orbital Diseases. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2015 Aug; 25(3):477-501. View abstract
  30. Enlargement of the Internal Auditory Canal and Associated Posterior Fossa Anomalies in PHACES Association. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 Nov; 36(11):2159-62. View abstract
  31. Prenatal Imaging of Craniosynostosis Syndromes. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2015 Dec; 36(6):453-64. View abstract
  32. CT and MRI of congenital nasal lesions in syndromic conditions. Pediatr Radiol. 2015 Jul; 45(7):1056-65. View abstract
  33. Using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography to detect optic neuropathy in patients with craniosynostosis. J AAPOS. 2014 Dec; 18(6):543-9. View abstract
  34. Diagnostic imaging features of congenital nose and nasal cavity lesions. Clin Neuroradiol. 2015 Mar; 25(1):3-11. View abstract
  35. Benign triton tumor: multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2014 Sep-Oct; 17(5):400-5. View abstract
  36. Optic atrophy and a Leigh-like syndrome due to mutations in the c12orf65 gene: report of a novel mutation and review of the literature. J Neuroophthalmol. 2014 Mar; 34(1):39-43. View abstract
  37. A prospective study of 113 deep neck infections managed using a clinical practice guideline. Laryngoscope. 2013 Dec; 123(12):3211-8. View abstract
  38. Radiology quiz case 1. Diagnosis: congenital cervical teratoma. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Jun; 139(6):643-5. View abstract
  39. The presentation and management of mandibular tumors in the pediatric population. Laryngoscope. 2013 Aug; 123(8):2035-42. View abstract
  40. Morning glory disc anomaly: characteristic MR imaging findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2013 Oct; 34(10):2010-4. View abstract
  41. Callosal dysgenesis in fetuses with ventriculomegaly: levels of agreement between imaging modalities and postnatal outcome. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Nov; 40(5):522-9. View abstract
  42. Radiology quiz case 3. Malleus fixation. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Aug; 138(8):775-6. View abstract
  43. HOXB1 founder mutation in humans recapitulates the phenotype of Hoxb1-/- mice. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Jul 13; 91(1):171-9. View abstract
  44. Developmental conjunctival cyst of the eyelid in a child. J AAPOS. 2012 Apr; 16(2):196-8. View abstract
  45. Diagnostic and surgical challenge: middle ear dermoid cyst in 12 month old with branchio-oto-renal syndrome and multiple middle-ear congenital anomalies. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Oct; 75(10):1341-5. View abstract
  46. Ultrasound and MRI of fetuses with ventriculomegaly: can cortical development be used to predict postnatal outcome? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Jun; 196(6):1457-67. View abstract
  47. Temporal bone abnormalities in children with GJB2 mutations. Laryngoscope. 2011 Mar; 121(3):630-5. View abstract
  48. Meningoencephalocele and other dural disruptions: complications of Le Fort III midfacial osteotomies and distraction. J Craniofac Surg. 2011 Jan; 22(1):182-6. View abstract
  49. Outcome of fetuses with cerebral ventriculomegaly and septum pellucidum leaflet abnormalities. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Jan; 196(1):W83-92. View abstract
  50. Frequency and cause of disagreements in imaging diagnosis in children with ventriculomegaly diagnosed prenatally. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Nov; 36(5):582-95. View abstract
  51. Foregut duplication cysts in the head and neck: presentation, diagnosis, and management. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Aug; 136(8):778-82. View abstract
  52. Neurodevelopmental outcome of fetuses referred for ventriculomegaly. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Apr; 35(4):405-16. View abstract
  53. Imaging of head and neck neoplasms in children. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Apr; 40(4):499-509. View abstract
  54. Association of the long QT syndrome With goiter and deafness. Am J Cardiol. 2010 Mar 01; 105(5):681-6. View abstract
  55. Sinonasal and laryngeal carcinoma in children: correlation of imaging characteristics with clinicopathologic and cytogenetic features. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Feb; 31(2):257-61. View abstract
  56. Ultrasonographic detection of intracranial melanocytosis in an infant. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Feb; 40(2):210-4. View abstract
  57. Denervation-related fatty muscle infiltration. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Dec; 39(12):1379. View abstract
  58. Dentigerous cyst associated with a displaced tooth in the maxillary sinus: an unusual cause of recurrent sinusitis in an adolescent. Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Oct; 39(10):1102-4. View abstract
  59. Lingual thyroid in children: a rare clinical entity. Laryngoscope. 2008 Jul; 118(7):1174-9. View abstract
  60. How accurately does current fetal imaging identify posterior fossa anomalies? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Jun; 190(6):1637-43. View abstract
  61. Frequency and cause of disagreements in diagnoses for fetuses referred for ventriculomegaly. Radiology. 2008 May; 247(2):516-27. View abstract
  62. Volumetric MRI study of brain in children with intrauterine exposure to cocaine, alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr; 121(4):741-50. View abstract
  63. High dose dexmedetomidine as the sole sedative for pediatric MRI. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 May; 18(5):403-11. View abstract
  64. Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis accompanied by the formation of bone cysts: Harboring clues to pathogenesis? . 2007 Dec 15; 143A(24):2973-80. View abstract
  65. Pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2007 Nov; 71(11):1717-23. View abstract
  66. Acute hydrocephalus secondary to obstruction of the foramen of monro and cerebral aqueduct caused by a choroid plexus cyst in the lateral ventricle. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2007 Sep; 107(3 Suppl):236-9. View abstract
  67. Additional clinical manifestations in children with sensorineural hearing loss and biallelic GJB2 mutations: who should be offered GJB2 testing? Am J Med Genet A. 2007 Jul 15; 143A(14):1560-6. View abstract
  68. Mutations in LRP2, which encodes the multiligand receptor megalin, cause Donnai-Barrow and facio-oculo-acoustico-renal syndromes. Nat Genet. 2007 Aug; 39(8):957-9. View abstract
  69. The spectrum of vascular anomalies in patients with PTEN mutations: implications for diagnosis and management. J Med Genet. 2007 Sep; 44(9):594-602. View abstract
  70. Zygomaticotemporal synostosis: a rare cause of progressive facial asymmetry. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2007 Jan; 44(1):106-11. View abstract
  71. Evaluation of real-time single-shot fast spin-echo MRI for visualization of the fetal midline corpus callosum and secondary palate. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Dec; 187(6):1505-11. View abstract
  72. Apert syndrome: what prenatal radiographic findings should prompt its consideration? Prenat Diagn. 2006 Oct; 26(10):966-72. View abstract
  73. Intracranial anomalies detected by imaging studies in 30 patients with Apert syndrome. . 2006 Jun 15; 140(12):1337-8. View abstract
  74. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the parotid gland in children: A 10-year experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Apr; 132(4):375-80. View abstract
  75. Diagnoses made in a secondary care "fits, faints, and funny turns" clinic. Arch Dis Child. 2006 Mar; 91(3):214-8. View abstract
  76. Congenital hearing impairment. Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Apr; 36(4):309-24. View abstract
  77. Cockayne syndrome: the developing phenotype. . 2005 Jun 01; 135(2):214-6. View abstract
  78. Concordant contralateral lambdoidal synostosis in dizygotic twins. J Craniofac Surg. 2005 May; 16(3):435-9. View abstract
  79. Primary thyroid teratomas in children: a report of 11 cases with a proposal of criteria for their diagnosis. Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 May; 29(5):700-6. View abstract
  80. Basilar meningitis associated with ethmoid and sphenoid cephaloceles. Pediatr Neurol. 2005 Jul; 33(1):57-60. View abstract
  81. The biology and management of laryngeal neurofibroma. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004 Dec; 130(12):1400-6. View abstract
  82. MR imaging of fetal head and neck anomalies. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2004 May; 14(2):273-91, viii. View abstract
  83. Nasal glioma and encephalocele: diagnosis and management. Laryngoscope. 2003 Dec; 113(12):2069-77. View abstract
  84. The role of chromosomal translocation (15;19) in the carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Dec; 129(6):698-704. View abstract
  85. Cysts and tumors of the oral cavity, oropharynx, and nasopharynx in children. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2003 Aug; 13(3):427-42, ix. View abstract
  86. Marked regression of metastatic pilocytic astrocytoma during treatment with imatinib mesylate (STI-571, Gleevec): a case report and laboratory investigation. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2003 Aug; 25(8):644-8. View abstract
  87. CT versus MR in neonatal brain imaging at term. Pediatr Radiol. 2003 Jul; 33(7):442-9. View abstract
  88. The presentation and management of nasal dermoid: a 30-year experience. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Apr; 129(4):464-71. View abstract
  89. Psammomatous calcification in association with a benign thyroglossal duct cyst. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003 Feb; 129(2):241-3. View abstract
  90. Diffusion imaging in neonates. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2002 Feb; 12(1):55-70. View abstract
  91. Fast three-point Dixon MR imaging of the retrobulbar space with low-resolution images for phase correction: comparison with fast spin-echo inversion recovery imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Oct; 22(9):1798-802. View abstract
  92. Craniofacial, temporal bone, and audiologic abnormalities in the spectrum of hemifacial microsomia. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Mar; 127(3):265-71. View abstract
  93. Management of orbital subperiosteal abscess in children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Mar; 127(3):281-6. View abstract
  94. Prominent basal emissary foramina in syndromic craniosynostosis: correlation with phenotypic and molecular diagnoses. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Oct; 21(9):1707-17. View abstract
  95. Neurogenic tumors of the neck. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Sep; 38(5):1077-90. View abstract
  96. Imaging of benign and malignant soft tissue tumors of the neck. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Sep; 38(5):1091-104, xi. View abstract
  97. Imaging of granulomatous lesions of the neck in children. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Sep; 38(5):969-77. View abstract
  98. MR line-scan diffusion imaging of the spinal cord in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Aug; 21(7):1344-8. View abstract
  99. CT findings in hyperacute nonaccidental brain injury. Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Feb; 30(2):74-81. View abstract
  100. Nontuberculous mycobacterial infection of the head and neck in immunocompetent children: CT and MR findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Nov-Dec; 20(10):1829-35. View abstract
  101. Level of in utero cocaine exposure and neonatal ultrasound findings. Pediatrics. 1999 Nov; 104(5 Pt 1):1101-5. View abstract
  102. MR line-scan diffusion-weighted imaging of term neonates with perinatal brain ischemia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Oct; 20(9):1658-70. View abstract
  103. An unresponsive infant in the emergency room. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 1999 Sep; 6(3):225-7; discussion 228. View abstract
  104. MR line scan diffusion imaging of the brain in children. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Mar; 20(3):419-25. View abstract
  105. Head and neck vascular anomalies of childhood. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1999 Feb; 9(1):115-32. View abstract
  106. Imaging of pediatric temporal bone abnormalities. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1999 Feb; 9(1):133-55. View abstract
  107. Lymphadenitis due to nontuberculous mycobacteria in children: presentation and response to therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Jan; 28(1):123-9. View abstract
  108. Neurologic complications of cerebral angiography in childhood moyamoya syndrome. Pediatr Radiol. 1998 Nov; 28(11):824-9. View abstract
  109. Transnasal endoscopic excision of midline nasal dermoid from the anterior cranial base. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1998 Nov; 102(6):2119-23. View abstract
  110. Radiologic-pathologic conference of Children's Hospital Boston: pineal region mass in a neonate. Pediatr Radiol. 1997 Oct; 27(10):829-31. View abstract
  111. Angiographic changes after pial synangiosis in childhood moyamoya disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1997 May; 18(5):837-45. View abstract
  112. Pediatric orbital and visual pathway lesions. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 1996 Feb; 6(1):179-98. View abstract
  113. Radiologic-Pathologic Conference of Children's Hospital Boston: scalp mass in a child following treatment for craniopharyngioma. Pediatr Radiol. 1996; 26(3):236-8. View abstract
  114. Cyclosporine neurotoxicity and its relationship to hypertensive encephalopathy: CT and MR findings in 16 cases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Sep; 165(3):627-31. View abstract